Another UK patient might have caught vCJD from blood

first_img Health Secretary John Reid stated, “I would emphasise again that the exclusion criteria are being tightened because of a small but unquantifiable risk. People should continue to have a blood transfusion when it is really necessary. Any slight risk associated with receiving blood must be balanced against the significant risk of not receiving that blood when it is most needed.” The official statement provided no details about the patient who received the blood transfusion. When the first possible transfusion-linked case was reported, officials said the patient had received blood in 1996 from a donor who became ill with vCJD in 1999. The recipient had died of the disease shortly before the suspected case was announced. But officials said the recipient might have acquired vCJD in the usual way: by eating meat products from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. BSE spread through British cattle herds in the 1980s and 1990s. The department said it had expected to see further cases after the first case of possible transmission via donated blood was reported in the UK in December 2003. The second case is “of particular scientific interest” because the patient had a different genetic type from that of other vCJD patients so far, the announcement said. A detailed report of the case will be published in The Lancet. The UK Department of Health announced, “A patient in the UK received a blood transfusion in 1999 from a donor who later went on to develop vCJD. The patient died of causes unrelated to vCJD but a post mortem revealed the presence of the vCJD agent in the patient’s spleen.” This group was not excluded in April because the government wanted to assess the impact of the new restrictions on the blood supply, officials said. Now it appears that the impact is small, so the committee that oversees blood safety recommended adding the new restriction. Jul 22, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – A second possible case of transmission of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) via blood transfusion has been reported in the United Kingdom, triggering new restrictions on who can give blood. See also: The UK uses several other precautions to protect the blood supply from vCJD infectivity, the Department of Health noted. Since 1997, new cases of vCJD have triggered a search for and destruction of any blood donated by the patient. Since 1998 the UK has used blood plasma from the United States to produce all plasma derivatives. And since October 1999, white blood cells, which may pose the greatest risk of transmitting vCJD, have been removed from blood used for transfusions. As a result of the first possible transfusion-related vCJD case, the UK in April stopped taking blood donations from anyone who had received a blood transfusion since January 1980. Starting Aug 2, the department said, donations will not be accepted from people who are unsure if they have had a transfusion since January 1980. This includes apheresis donors—those who frequently give blood and have it retransfused after the removal of certain components. Dec 19, 2003, CIDRAP News story, “Blood transmission of vCJD suspected in Britain”last_img read more

Kohli, Vijay make tons as India dominate

first_img(REUTERS) – An insatiable Virat Kohli smashed his 16th Test century and Murali Vijay registered his ninth to steer India to a commanding 356 for three against Bangladesh on the opening day of a one-off Test in Hyderabad yesterday.India lost opener Lokesh Rahul in the first over of the match but were in a strong position at stumps after Vijay (108) added 178 runs with Cheteshwar Pujara and captain Kohli extended his recent run of powerful batting.Kohli was on 111 at stumps, his fifth 50-plus score in the last seven Test innings, helping to put India, currently the top-ranked Test team, on course for a big first-innings total.Ajinkya Rahane, returning from a finger injury, was batting on 45 at the other end, having played second fiddle to his skipper in their 122-run fourth-wicket partnership.Playing their first Test on Indian soil, Bangladesh got an early breakthrough when the sprightly Taskin Ahmed dismissed Rahul for two with the fourth delivery of the match.While others might have left the fuller delivery well outside the off-stump, Rahul went for an expansive cover drive without moving his feet, only to drag the ball onto his stumps.Vijay and Pujara shrugged off occasional discomforts to help India overcome the loss with their fifth century stand of the current home season.Off-spinner Mehedi Hasan induced a couple of edges but could not separate the batsmen despite some occasionally comic running between the wickets.In one such mix-up, both batsmen found themselves at the same end. But Mehedi could not collect a throw and dislodge the bails at the non-striker’s end which could have sent Vijay, then on 35, back to the pavilion.Vijay brought up his fifty in 82 balls and went on to hit Shakib Al Hasan straight back for the only six of his knock which also contained 12 boundaries.Pujara edged Mehedi to Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur Rahim after a composed 83, and left-arm spinner Taijul Islam bowled Vijay around the leg after the tea break.There was no real respite for the tourists, however, as Kohli scored freely against the limited bowling resources of a team ranked eight places below India.The right-hander needed 130 balls to bring up his fourth century in seven Tests, reaching the mark with his 10th boundary.INDIA 1st inningsL. Rahul b Ahmed 2M. Vijay b T. Islam 108C. Pujara c Rahim b M. Hasan 83V. Kohli not out 111A. Rahane not out 45Extras: (lb-5, nb-2) 7Total: (for 3 wickets, 90 overs) 356Fall of wickets: 1-2 L. Rahul,2-180 C. Pujara,3-234 M. VijayBowling: T. Ahmed 16-2-58-1 (nb-1), K. Rabbi 17-1-91-0 (nb-1), S. Sarkar 1-0-4-0, M. Hasan 20-0-93-1, S. Al Hasan 13-3-45-0, T. Islam 20-4-50-1, Sa. Rahman 3-0-10-0.last_img read more

Manchester City close gap on Liverpool after blitzing Villa 3-0

first_imgBy Peter Hall MANCHESTER, England (Reuters) – Three second-half goals ensured Manchester City climbed back into second place behind leaders Liverpool in the Premier League after a 3-0 victory over Aston Villa at the Etihad Stadium yesterday.City struggled to get going in the first half, with Villa having several chances to break the deadlock in the pouring Manchester rain.However, the home side wasted no time after regrouping at the interval as Raheem Sterling latched on to a Gabriel Jesus flick before firing City in front 20 seconds into the second half with his 13th goal of the season.Jesus then almost grabbed a quick-fire second but Tyrone Mings cleared off the line, before David Silva found the net in the 65th minute, getting the faintest of touches to a Kevin De Bruyne cross. Five minutes later Ilkay Gundogan made sure of another three points for City after he reacted first to a blocked shot to scissor-kick his strike into the net.The result sees City climb back above Leicester City – after their record-equalling 9-0 victory at Southampton on Friday – with 22 points. Liverpool, who host Tottenham Hotspur today, have 25. The win, however, was tarnished by a late red card for Fernandinho. “If we play like we did in the first half for the rest of the season we will be in the relegation places,” City manager Pep Guardiola said. “After the first half we corrected something; sometimes it happens but the second half was good.”Looking to avoid a second successive home league defeat, Guardiola made five changes from the City side that beat Atalanta in the Champions League in midweek, with Jesus handed his first home start of the season up front.The Brazilian had the game’s first chance in sodden conditions but fizzed an effort just wide. Villa grew into the match and almost took the lead in the 23rd minute with City goalkeeper Ederson making an excellent double save. THE GUARDIOLA EFFECT City struggled to hit top gear but they should have gone into the interval in front after David Silva could only have dragged his effort wide from a good position.Whatever Guardiola said at halftime had an immediate effect though, as Sterling pounced to give City the lead. Jesus beat Mings in the air to set up Sterling, who cut on to his right foot before firing home.“City’s first goal is just a lump from the goalkeeper,” Villa manager Dean Smith said. “Tyrone Mings should do better and he knows that … a top player like Raheem Sterling puts it on the back of the net.”David Silva celebrated as though he had got a touch to De Bruyne’s cross for City’s second but the goal was initially awarded to the Belgian after a long VAR check for a potential offside against Sterling.A Premier League review after the match decided that David Silva was the correct scorer, adding to Villa’s frustration over the VAR offside check.Gundogan soon had the result wrapped up for City after Bernardo Silva’s initial effort had been blocked. Fernandinho’s late red card for two bookings gives Guardiola a headache with the Brazilian’s pending suspension set to leave City short at the back, and City were lucky to not concede late on, as Villa hit the post after a goalmouth scramble.last_img read more