AFL Rotates Troops in Mali

first_imgIf all goes well in line with plans by authorities at the Ministry of National Defense by collaborating with the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), the platoon-size unit of the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) stationed in Mali will be rotated by another batch of soldiers in a week’s time.Defense Minister Brownie J. Samukai, Jr., made the disclosure Tuesday, June 17, at the Ministry’s Barclay Training Center (BTC) offices on UN Drive when visiting Bangladeshi six-man senior military personnel headed by Lieutenant/General Md Mainul Islam, paid a courtesy call on him.Lt/Gen Islam is the Chief of General Defense Staff at the Bangladeshi Army Headquarters, General Staff Branch—Dhaka Cantonment.He visited the Ministry of Defense while on his way to La Côte d’Ivoire to inspect and visit his country’s troop on peacekeeping mission in that country.Like the AFL, Bangladesh has battalion-size soldiers also stationed in northern Mali serving with AFRISMA.Other members of Lt/Gen Islam’s delegation that accompanied him to the MOD included Colonel Mahmood Houssain, Force Chief of Engineer, Colonel Md Omar Farugue, Lt/Col Md Asadul Islam, Engineers, Lt/C Mahammad Khaled Kamal, and Major Muntasir Mamu, Engineers.Earlier, Minister Samukai and Lt/Gen Islam discussed issues that would be of mutual benefit to the AFL, particularly in the areas of training—with emphasis in peacekeeping and road maintenance.Lt/Gen Islam then assured Minister Samukai of his country’s willingness to assist Liberia in building the capacity of the army where soldiers from the Bangladeshi Military Engineering Division will come to construct a medical factory under the auspices of the AFL Command as well as other projects.The Bangladeshi delegation then presented several pieces of gift items to Minister Samukai and his office staff as tokens of Bangladeshi’s appreciation for the ‘invaluable services’ to the men and women in the Liberian army.  Peace MissionFor the first time in the history of the AFL, it was just last year when their platoon-size unit was deployed in the troubled West African State of Mali and formed part of the Africa International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA).The soldiers (all infantry) departed Liberia on June 20 last year and joined AFISMA.They are embedded into the Nigerian battalion with First Lieutenant Nathaniel Waka serving as Commander of the platoon-size unit.The exercise, which is the first time that Liberia is participating in 52 years, was honored a forth night ago when they participated in a UN Medal Parade.In 1961, Liberia provided troops to the United Nations Organization in the Congo, a UN peacekeeping force established under UN Security Council Resolution 143 of July 14, 1960, to respond to the Congo crisis.The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) organized a military mission, AFISMA, to support the Government of Mali against Islamist rebels in the north. The mission was organized under UN Security Council Resolution 2085, adopted on December 20, 2012, authorizing the deployment of an African-led International Support Mission in Mali for an initial period of one year.It is now being extended for another year, thus making it important for the troop to rotate.The intention of the Mission is to help the Malian authorities to implement the transitional roadmap towards the full restoration of constitutional order, democratic governance and national unity.The Bangladeshi ArmyThe army in 1988 was divided into six strategically located divisions. The location of these divisions’ headquarters, five of which were formerly brigade headquarters, underscored the army’s primary mission of internal security rather than defense against external threats.As of 2009, it was reported that the Army consisted of 12 divisions. They were then deployed to support the Army’s primary internal security mission, of which the country designed robust action of peacekeeping—exercise that the Bangladesh Army has earned a reputation around the world.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Feb. primary lures GOP of Michigan

first_img 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! LANSING, Mich. – Michigan Republicans voted Saturday to hold their presidential primary next Feb. 5 but agreed they would move up the date if state Democrats go earlier. A dozen other states, including California, New York and New Jersey, have already moved their primaries or caucuses to Feb. 5. Still more states are considering such moves, setting the stage for what some are calling “Super-Duper Tuesday” just 22 days after the leadoff Iowa caucuses. “Our goal is to go February 5, but I have the option to go earlier, if needed,” Michigan GOP Chairman Saul Anuzis said after a state central committee meeting he says grew heated at times. The chairman added that moving earlier than Feb. 5 is not anyone’s first choice because Republican and Democratic rules would force the Michigan parties to give up half their delegates to their respective 2008 national conventions. last_img read more

Some water pitchers are much better at removing toxins shows research

first_img Source: May 18 2018Water pitchers designed to rid water of harmful contaminants are not created equal, new research has found.Scientists from The Ohio State University compared three popular pitcher brands’ ability to clear dangerous microcystins from tap water. They found that while one did an excellent job, other pitchers allowed the toxins – which appear during harmful algal blooms (HABs) – to escape the filter and drop into the drinking water.The purifier that filtered water fastest, and which was made entirely of coconut-based activated carbon, removed 50 percent or less of the microcystins from the water. But the purifier that filtered water slowest – and which was made from a blend of active carbon – rendered the microcystins undetectable in drinking water. The study appears in the journal Water Science Technology: Water Supply.”Because drinking-water treatment plants also use activated carbon, I figured that these home filters might also remove some microcystins, but I wasn’t expecting results this good and such big differences among the pitchers,” said Justin Chaffin, the study’s lead author and a senior researcher and research coordinator at Ohio State’s Stone Laboratory. Stone Lab is located on Lake Erie and serves as a hub for researchers throughout the Midwest working on issues facing the Great Lakes.Toxin-producing harmful algal blooms (HABs) have become a global threat to drinking water. Microcystins are among the most common toxins that arise from these cyanobacterial blooms, posing a significant risk to animal and human health. Adverse reactions to the toxins can range from a mild skin rash to serious illness or death as a result of damage to the liver or kidneys.In Ohio, microcystins in Toledo’s water supply left more than 400,000 residents without tap water for several days in 2014.”Since then, many residents drink bottled water and others rely on these filtration pitchers as backup, in case the water treatment plants miss a return of the microcystins,” Chaffin said. No such threats to the water have been detected since the 2014 incident, he said.”At public events, residents kept asking me ‘Does my water pitcher remove microcystins?’ and my answer was always, ‘I don’t know,'” Chaffin said.So he designed a study to answer the question.The researchers do not name the brands in the study, but they are commonly found in retail outlets and ranged in price from about $15 to about $50, Chaffin said. Interested consumers can compare the study findings to the features of an individual pitcher to inform their purchasing decisions, he suggested.Related StoriesTwo New Resistance-Proof Antibiotics Have Been CreatedTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CTAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapy”In general, the cheaper the pitcher, the worse job it did filtering out the toxins,” Chaffin said.Chaffin and his collaborators used contaminated Lake Erie water, which they diluted to various concentrations of microcystins, and then ran through three common pitchers designed to purify water. Consistently, slow filtration and a combination of different types of activated carbon proved most helpful.The idea behind the pitchers is that the activated carbon in the filter “grabs” bad things from the tap water as they bind to the carbon molecules.When water with a microcystin concentration of 3.3 micrograms per liter was run through the three filters, its concentration dipped in all cases, but was only undetectable in one pitcher – the slowest-filtering model. The researchers chose that concentration to mimic the concentration reported during the 2014 do-not-drink advisory in Toledo.”Contact time really seems to matter. If you run the water through really fast, the microcystins and other organic molecules don’t have time to bind to the carbon molecule and stick to the filter,” Chaffin said.Contact time varied from a little more than two minutes per liter (for the worst-performing pitcher) to more than six minutes per liter (for the best). The middle-of-the-road pitcher filtered water at a rate of almost four minutes per liter.The two most-effective pitchers had filters made of a blend of activated carbon sources. The least-effective pitcher’s filter was made entirely of coconut-based active carbon.The research team also tested whether the microcystins stayed put on expired filters by running ultra-clean deionized water through the purifier.”We didn’t find the microcystins in that filtered water at all, so there’s a pretty good chance that what’s being removed is stuck to the filter for good,” Chaffin said.That said, he suggested that these purifying pitchers be viewed as a safety net for those who are worried about microcystins going undetected at the drinking-water treatment plants – not in cases where there’s been a warning and people have been told to stick to bottled water.”But when there isn’t a warning, these filters are much cheaper and better for the environment in the long run than bottled water. You aren’t creating mountains of empty bottles,” Chaffin said.last_img read more