Modeling of the Influence of Sea Ice Cycle and Langmuir Circulation on the Upper Ocean Mixed Layer Depth and Freshwater Distribution at the West Antarctic Peninsula.

first_imgThe Southern Ocean is chronically undersampled due to its remoteness, harsh environment, and sea ice cover. Ocean circulation models yield significant insight into key processes and to some extent obviate the dearth of data; however, they often underestimate surface mixed layer depth (MLD), with consequences for surface water-column temperature, salinity, and nutrient concentration. In this study, a coupled circulation and sea ice model was implemented for the region adjacent to the West Antarctic Peninsula, a climatically sensitive region which has exhibited decadal trends towards higher ocean temperature, shorter sea ice season, and increasing glacial freshwater input, overlain by strong interannual variability. Hindcast simulations were conducted with different air-ice drag coefficients and Langmuir circulation parameterizations to determine the impact of these factors on MLD. Including Langmuir circulation deepened the surface mixed layer, with the deepening being more pronounced in the shelf and slope regions. Optimal selection of an air-ice drag coefficient also increased modeled MLD by similar amounts and had a larger impact in improving the reliability of the simulated MLD interannual variability. This study highlights the importance of sea ice volume and redistribution to correctly reproduce the physics of the underlying ocean, and the potential of appropriately parameterizing Langmuir circulation to help correct for biases towards shallow MLD in the Southern Ocean. The model also reproduces observed freshwater patterns in the West Antarctic Peninsula during late summer and suggests that areas of intense summertime sea ice melt can still show net annual freezing due to high sea ice formation during the winter.last_img read more

An open letter to OULC

first_imgJacob Turner (Co-Chair TT 2009)Ben Lyons (Co-Chair 2009)Ayo Ajanaku (Co-Chair 2009)Emily Benn (Executive TT 2009)Jamie Susskind (Co-Chair TT 2009)Martha MacKenzie (Executive Committee 2009)David Green (Co-Chair TT 2008)Sarah Hutchinson (Co-Chair TT 2008)Alice Taylor (Co-Chair 2008)Mark Baker (Co-Chair TT 2007)Harriet Myles (Co-Chair 2007)Phillip Patterson (Co-Chair TT 2006)Martin McCluskey (Co-Chair MT 2005)Stephen Longden (Co-Chair HT 2005)Alex Brodkin (Co-Chair 2005)Jack Graves (Co-Chair 2005) Vladimir Bermant (Former JSoc President) Yoni Stone (Current JSoc President)Aaron Simons (Former JSoc President)Jake Berger (Former JSoc Vice-President)Matt Rose (Former JSoc President)Paul Erdunast (Former JSoc president)Rachel Grabiner (Former JSoc Vice-President)David Miron (Former JSoc Vice-President)Rebecca Freedman (Former JSoc Vice-President) Andrew Freedman (Former JSoc President, barrister) Oxford University Liberal DemocratsJack Ford (Co-Chair)Matt Sumption (Former Co-Chair)Anne Cremin (Secretary) Oxford University Jewish Society Oxford University Labour ClubElla Taylor (Executive Committee)center_img Dear Sirs,On Monday 15th February, the members of Oxford University Labour Club (OULC) voted to endorse Oxford’s so-called “Israeli Apartheid Week”. As former and current Chairs and Executive members of OULC, Jewish student leaders and other members and friends of Oxford University, we condemn and oppose this poorly considered course of action. We also congratulate the bold decision of one of the current Co-Chairs, Alex Chalmers, to resign in response. “Israeli Apartheid Week” purports to be a conference promoting intellectual discussion. In reality it is little more than a gathering of activists promoting a one-sided narrative, seeking to dismantle the only majority-Jewish member-state of the United Nations.It principally serves as a vehicle for promoting the academic, cultural and economic isolation of the Jewish state. In doing so, it strengthens the hand of those who oppose the two-state solution and emboldens extremists who seek to “resolve” the conflict by extinguishing one of the parties to it.It is wrong to contend that Israel – a multiracial democracy – even remotely resembles the horrors of South Africa’s racist dictatorship. Israel is a nation largely composed of refugees and their descendants – from both Europe and the Arab world, living in a land to which they have deep historical and religious ties. It is not a settler-colonial state. It belongs to the Middle East’s rich tapestry of religious and ethnic diversity. Today, more than ever, minorities in the Middle East need their own states. Worse still, the appropriation of the term “apartheid” is an affront to black South Africans. The supporters of “Israeli Apartheid Week” would do well to remember the words of Nelson Mandela: “As a movement we recognise the legitimacy of Palestinian nationalism just as we recognise the legitimacy of Zionism as a Jewish nationalism. We insist on the right of the state of Israel to exist within secure borders, but with equal vigour support the Palestinian right to national self-determination.” We share this vision and believe it is in the best traditions of OULC – and more importantly, the ethos and values of Oxford University. Oxford University Chabad SocietyJonathan Hunter (Former Oxford Chabad President, Former Vice-President of JSoc)Sam Bodansky (Current Oxford Chabad President)Fien Barnett-Neefs (Current Oxford Chabad Vice-President) We don’t pretend for a second that there are no problems in Israel-Palestine. We don’t ignore the imperfections of Israeli society. We don’t overlook the tragedy of conflict. But we are troubled by OULC’s decision and feel compelled to speak out. In a climate of rising anti-Semitism, we have a duty to oppose initiatives that foster an intolerant political culture which intimidates Jewish students.Lastly – but most distressingly – we observe with horror what Mr Chalmers describes in his note of resignation: “members of the Executive throwing around the term ‘Zio’ (a term for Jews usually confined to websites run by the Ku Klux Klan)”; senior members expressing “solidarity” with Hamas; claims that “most accusations of anti-Semitism are just the Zionists crying wolf” and the fact that “a large proportion of both OULC and the student left in Oxford more generally have some kind of problem with Jews”.We note that OULC and the Labour Party have a long and distinguished history of fighting racism and injustice – and we therefore urge current members to remember that tradition and to reconsider their distressing decision.Yours sincerely,Baroness Ruth Deech, QC (Hon) DBE, Former Principal (St Anne’s College)Lord Carlile of Berriew CBE QCLord Pannick QCJohn Mann MPJohn Bowers QCProfessor Richard Susskind OBE Louis McEvoy (Executive Committee)David Klemperer (Co-Chair MT 2015)David Cesar-Heymann (Co-Chair HT 2015)Helena Dollimore (Co-Chair MT 2013)Aled Jones (Co-Chair MT 2013)Jonathan Metzer (Co-Chair TT 2013)Tom Adams (Co-Chair MT 2012)Anthony Breach (Co-Chair TT 2012)Kevin Feeney (Co-Chair TT 2012)Claire Smith, Co-Chair 2012Lincoln Hill (Co-Chair TT 2011)Colin Jackson (Co-Chair 2011)Kathleen Shields (Co-Chair HT 2011)Sapandeep Singh Maini-Thompson (Executive Committee TT 2014)Jack Evans (Co-Chair HT 2011)Tom Rutland (ex OUSU President 2013-14, OULC Executive Committee 2011)Hannah Cusworth (Co-Chair HT 2010)Alistair Strathern (Co-Chair TT 2010)Kieran Cunningham (Co-Chair MT 2010) Oxford University Conservative AssociationThomas Jackson (President)Shane Finn (Treasurer)William Robert Rees-Mogg (Committee Member)Richard Black (Ex-Publications Editor, Former JSoc Publicity Officer)Dan Freeman (Ex-Political Officer)Jack Matthews (Ex-President)Jan Nedvidek (Ex-President)Benjamin Woolf (Ex-Returning Officer)last_img read more

YESTERYEAR: National City Bank by Pat Sides

first_img These happy National City Bank employees “ride” a tram that disguises some of the construction work behind the main office building at 227-229 Main Street. The date was December 1962, and the thriving bank was expanding to create more space for its loan departments. National City could trace its roots back to at least 1850, when it opened as the Canal Bank on Water Street (now Riverside Drive). In 1866, the bank moved to Main Street, eventually ending up at Third and Main. Over its long history, Canal Bank underwent several names changes: First National Bank, City National Bank, Old National Bank, and in 2000, Integra Bank. The institution closed in 2011.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img

David Fursdon, president, Country Land & Business Association

first_imgI’m sure the baking industry would like more consumers to ’Just Ask’ whether the bread, pie or cakes they are buying are made locally or with British ingredients.The ’Just Ask’ campaign, by the Country Land and Business Association (CLA), was launched by the Prime Minister and David Miliband, the Secretary of State for Environment Food & Rural Affairs, at Downing Street in January 2007.It seeks to reconnect the British consumer with their food and aims for them to seriously consider the choices they make when it comes to eating out.If British farms, growers, local producers and small businesses, such as bakeries, are to have a future, the British consumer needs to know whether or not they are buying their produce. One simple way of doing this, is to encourage the consumer to ’Just Ask’.The idea is to try and get people to repeat the mantra ’Just Ask’, when it comes to where the chicken in a pasty was produced or whether the apples in a pie are English, and so on.This involves raising the awareness of both the public and those in the food chain, from policy maker to opinion former, as to the origin of the food – wherever and however it is consumed.A number of companies in the foodservice sector have signed up to our campaign, including 3663 and Brakes.The government also sees the campaign as an important way for bakeries and food businesses to reduce their carbon footprint.last_img read more

News story: Inspection report published: A re-inspection of the family reunion process, focusing on applications received at the Amman Decision Making Centre

first_imgThe report was sent to the Home Secretary on 22 April 2018.Mr Bolt said: A re-inspection of the family reunion process, focusing on applications received at the Amman Entry Clearance Decision Making Centre The Home Secretary has laid my report ‘A re-inspection of the Family Reunion process, focusing on applications received at the Amman Entry Clearance Decision Making Centre’ in parliament, together with the Home Office’s formal response. I first looked at the Home Office’s handling of family reunion applications in 2016, when I made 10 recommendations for improvement, all of which were accepted. The thrust of these recommendations was that these were not like other visa applications, and the Home Office needed to demonstrate that it understood that the majority of applicants were living in difficult and sometimes dangerous circumstances and to show flexibility and compassion when making its decisions. Since 2016, I have re-inspected two of the three visa posts covered in the original inspection: Istanbul in 2017, and now Amman. These Entry Clearance Decision Making Centres (DMCs), alongside Pretoria, were chosen originally because they received the highest number of family reunion applications and also made the most refusals. My report on the re-inspection of Istanbul was published in July 2017. It found that Istanbul had improved its handling of family reunion applications, but noted that while the Home Office had made progress towards implementing most of the recommendations, there had been no movement in some areas. I therefore concluded that all 10 recommendations should remain “open”, pending a more comprehensive re-inspection.This latest ‘interim’ re-inspection report, which was sent to the Home Secretary on 26 April 2018, moves the story forward. It follows my visit to Amman in November 2017, and subsequent examination of a sample of applications received at Amman between 1 April and 30 October 2017, and a series of exchanges with the Home Office (UK Visas and Immigration) up to April 2018 to establish the latest position on family reunion applications at Amman and overall. Predictably, the Home Office’s formal response accentuates the positives in my report, and I agree that in general things appear to be moving in the right direction. However, the report shows that most (8 out of 10) of my original recommendations remain “open”. The Home Office has challenged my conclusion that, after initial efforts to address the issues identified in the 2016 report, this has ceased to be a priority. It has pointed to the revision of guidance in July 2016, and referred to ongoing work on family reunion policy as part of a wider review of its approach to asylum and resettlement strategy, citing its interest in the passage of two Private Members’ Bills on this issue. I accept that care is needed when considering changes to policies and practices, and that it is important for the Home Office to listen to others. However, the pace at which it is moving is far too slow given the profound impact on the lives of families seeking to be reunited, and I would expect it to be looking to lead the way. At the time of this re-inspection, the Pretoria DMC was receiving the largest number of family reunion applications. During the next year, subject to the Home Office’s progress in moving family reunion decision making to the UK, I plan to carry out a re-inspection of Pretoria. In the meantime, I hope that the Home Office pushes on with implementing the improvements I have recommended and it has recognised are needed.last_img read more

Tri-campus course examines combination of faith, sustainability

first_imgThe tri-campus sustainability class seeks to place stewardship of the Earth at the center of faith practice. The course, offered each fall semester, integrates Catholic teachings into environmental studies to reflect on issues of sustainability.John Slattery, an adjunct environmental studies professor at Saint Mary’s, said the course was developed to examine not only the topics in theory, but also how to physically implement these theories in a practical way.“The aim of designing this course was to have an environmental studies class that is very tangible,” he said. “Therefore, we focus on questions regarding how sustainability is practiced on campus and in what ways can we do more.”Throughout the modern Catholic Church, Slattery said, care for the Earth has been a key component in faith practice — particularly with Pope Francis’ second encyclical, “Laudato si’: On Care For Our Common Home.”“We need to internally evaluate whether we are actually practicing environmental stewardship and sustainability,” he said. “And I think, a lot of times, the answer is we’re trying to but not quite, and there are actually a lot of things that are inconsistent with what the Church teaches that we can improve on.”Slattery said he believes Catholic institutions should reflect and honor these teachings more concretely in how they live their lives and practice sustainability as institutions.“I think it’s really important, mostly because it has a sound Christian, ethical and moral background,” he said. “ … It is the direction that the pope has taken and multiple bishops conferences have taken on stewardship of the Earth as a centerpiece for what it means to be Catholic.”Saint Mary’s senior Hanna Makowski said the course provides concrete ways of addressing sustainability, specifically within the tri-campus community.“Community is a big part of this course, as it highlights how we are all connected and motivates us to think about how we can all work together to come up with ideas and solutions that can benefit all of us,” she said.Having an open dialogue with students from Holy Cross and Notre Dame allows for a line of communication and collaboration between the tri-campus student communities that may be lacking in an informal context, Makowski said.“What I enjoy the most about this class is building relationships with students within the same community but from different campuses, which allows for good internal reflection from multiple perspectives,” she said.Makowski said she enjoys working and learning with other students who are taking the course due to their genuine passion for the Earth.“People aren’t taking this course for the credits, they’re taking it because they care,” she said. “It’s nice to have a community of people that you know are committed to the ideals of the course, which I think is cool.”Sophomore Anna Zingalis said this course challenges her to think about her everyday actions and how it affects the world around her.“It challenges me to really think about everything that I’m doing — when I wake up in the morning, when I’m taking my showers or when I’m eating in the dining hall — and think about how this is going to affect the future and how it is going to affect other people,” she said.Zingalis said this is an important course being offered, and she explained that sustainability is something that affects everyone.“I think this is a course that is useful to all students because by learning about sustainability and environmental impact, it becomes more personal once you really understand how it works, and it sort of becomes a part of you,” she said. “That’s when it’s truly eye-opening, and you start to realize how this issue matters and the effects it has on a larger scale.”Tags: environment, laudato si’, sustainability, tri-campus communitylast_img read more

Finian’s Rainbow Is Coming to the West End

first_img This will be the first professional production of the Burton Lane and E.Y Harburg musical in the U.K. since its original West End run in 1947. The original production opened on Broadway the same year, and has been revived three times since, most recently in 2009 starring Cheyenne Jackson and Kate Baldwin. View Comments Saint Patrick’s Day may be over, but that’s not stopping this Irish musical. A new production of Finian’s Rainbow will play a six-week engagement at the West End’s Charing Cross Theatre, following a sold-out run that ended March 15 at London’s Union Theatre. Performances begin at the Charing Cross Theatre on April 3.center_img Finian’s Rainbow tells the story of an Irish immigrant who hopes to grow gold in the soil around Fort Knox while finding a husband for his daughter. Throw in a leprechaun and a corrupt senator, and you have the makings of an irrestibly whimsical tale. The new production, directed by Phil Willmott, features a cast that includes James Horne, Christina Bennington, Raymond Walsh, Joseph Peters, Michael J Hayes and Laura Bella Griffin.last_img read more

The Legend of Georgia McBride Extends Off-Broadway

first_img The Legend of Georgia McBride Dave Thomas Brown View Comments Some off-Broadway queens are sticking around to serve more fish. Matthew Lopez’s The Legend of Georgia McBride has extended its run at the Lucille Lortel Theatre. The MCC production, directed by Mike Donahue and starring Heathers alum Dave Thomas Brown, will now run through October 11. It was initially scheduled to play its final performance on October 4.The Legend of Georgia McBride follows Casey (Brown), a down on his luck Elvis impersonator in the Florida Panhandle, who, in order to help his pregnant wife, turns to the world of drag. After he becomes an overnight sensation, Casey must juggle his unexpected career and family life.The cast also includes Matt McGrath, Keith Nobbs, Afton C. Williamson and Wayne Duvall. Show Closed This production ended its run on Oct. 11, 2015 Related Shows Star Fileslast_img read more

Following Kidnappers’ Footsteps

first_img Along with rewards, the president approved an antikidnapping law that allows the government to safeguard the bank funds and belongings of a person who has been kidnapped. It also penalizes banks that do not notify of withdrawals made during the kidnapping. In 2010, an antiterrorism law was also approved that punishes those involved in acts of terrorism, terrorist associations or financing of terrorism with prison terms of five to 30 years. In a recent development, the EPP’s possible drug traffic activity across international borders is beginning to draw attention from Paraguayan authorities. “We — the military as an institution, at least — are already taking a look at their possible association with drug traffickers,” Brig. Gen. Carlos Alberto Bordón, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Paraguayan Armed Forces, said in an interview with Diálogo in August 2010. “And we don’t have any actions prepared along these lines yet, but we are intensifying our work on intelligence issues, connecting the dots, because we don’t want to end up in the situation of other countries.” Paraguay Fights Back Since the beginning of 2010, the government has conducted numerous operations to counter the EPP threat. In January, police partnered with the Paraguayan Army, using helicopters and patrol boats to follow members of the EPP at the country’s northern border in what was known as Operation Yaguarete (which means “jaguar” in the native Guaraní language). Three months later, Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo called for a “state of siege” after a police officer and three civilians were killed in an EPP attack in Arroyito, where authorities discovered a rebel camp. In April, the authorities launched Operation Py’a Guapy (which means “tranquility” in Guaraní) and sent 3,000 police and military to track down EPP members. But these operations did not result in the arrests of any EPP leaders. In July, Paraguayan police had more success in their fight against the EPP. Authorities tracked down and killed suspected EPP leader Severiano Martínez after he opened fire on officers during a confrontation in Alto Paraguay. Martínez, alias Marcos, was accused of involvement in the kidnappings of Bordón and Cubas. He allegedly abandoned the EPP due to disagreements over ransom payments within the group, reported Paraguayan newspaper La Nación. In September, EPP member Gabriel Zárate was captured and killed by the police after firing an M-16 and trying to escape. Zárate was thought to be third in command in the group. In his bag, police found a homemade explosive. A third EPP member was killed the same month. During another incursion in the jungle to track EPP members, police killed Nimio Cardozo. The operation took place in Huguá Ñandú, 100 kilometers northeast of Concepción. The newspaper La Nación reported that police will continue searching in the area until all members are found. The government is now offering 800 million guaranís (about $163,606) for information leading to the capture of leaders Magna Meza, Manuel Cristaldo Mieres and Osvaldo Villalba. The reward is for 500 million guaraníes (about $102,254) for others involved in the kidnappings. Lack of Support The authorities were able to capture EPP leaders with the help of community informants whose identities have been protected to prevent retaliation. In August 2010, Florencio Núñez, a rural worker who denounced the presence of the EPP in his community in Concepcion and who claimed to have received death threats from the group, was found dead at his home, reported Paraguayan newspaper ABC. In the meantime, the EPP has tried to gain the support of the public. For example, the manual says EPP members should provide food and medicine to the poor, making sure the media captures them doing so. “Then we will earn points in the eyes of the population,” the manual states. For those whose family members have been harmed by the EPP, only justice will suffice. Police “should kill them if they cannot capture them alive,” Mirtha Gusinky, mother of Cecilia Cubas, told La Nación, referring to the captors who killed her daughter more than six years ago. She asked authorities to comply with the promise of bringing security to the country. “I also request you, the press, to not give up in the demand of maximum effort from authorities so we can have a Paraguay without kidnappings,” she said. By Dialogo October 01, 2010center_img EPP: A Self-Proclaimed Guerrilla Group The EPP began as the armed front of the political group Partido Patria Libre (Free Motherland Party). The group, based on Marxist ideology, has stated its plan to carry out a revolution in the country. Since 2001, about $6 million in ransom has been paid in Paraguay, said former attorney Latorre to That year, the EPP received financing from the FARC to “train” for its first kidnapping, Latorre said. Resisting the kidnappers’ demands has often led to dire consequences such as occurred with Cecilia Cubas, the daughter of former Paraguayan President Raúl Cubas Grau. In 2004, kidnappers from EPP abducted Cubas and demanded $5 million. Months after making a partial payment of $800,000, the body of Cecilia, 32, was found buried under a house near Asuncion. The documents seized in 2008 from Reyes’ computer showed that the terrorist organization provided consulting in the kidnapping and subsequent killing of Cubas. At least three more kidnapping cases have been documented in which the FARC participated. “The links between the FARC and EPP are confirmed. We have proof that the FARC have sent consultants [to Paraguay] and it has been confirmed that they received 30 percent of what was paid for the kidnapping of María Edith Bordón,” Paraguayan anti-kidnapping prosecutor Sandra Quiñónez said in an interview with Colombian newspaper El Tiempo. Bordón was kidnapped in 2001 and her family paid $1 million for her release, the newspaper reported. Fidel Zavala was working on his ranch in northern Paraguay in late 2009 when guerrilla members suddenly appeared and forced him into his own vehicle. As his employees looked on, Zavala was driven away and his truck was abandoned in a remote area. When police later approached it, the vehicle exploded and gravely injured police officers Víctor Hugo Romero and Víctor Manuel Martínez. Kidnappers demanded a $5 million ransom and as days passed, Zavala’s family was not sure whether he was still alive. The abductors were following instructions in the manual of the Paraguayan People’s Army, or EPP, which was behind the kidnapping. The manual stated that EPP’s kidnappers cannot “give any proof of life until the deal is closed.” According to the Paraguayan newspaper La Nación, the abductors settled for a payment of $500,000 and freed Zavala about 15 kilometers north of his ranch, just as the manual stated: “Free [the kidnapping victim] in a remote area, if possible.” EPP members have been accused of carrying out about 20 kidnappings since 2001. The group’s manual, which was found during a police raid in August 2010 in the department of Concepción, was crafted with the help of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, according to “The EPP is linked directly to the FARC,” former Paraguayan Attorney General Óscar Germán Latorre told The FARC allegedly has provided training and logistical support to the Paraguayan guerrilla movement according to e-mails retrieved from a computer seized by Colombian authorities in 2008 and thought to be owned by Raúl Reyes, FARC second in command until his death in 2008. As recent news reports show, EPP members have attacked ranches, burned military barracks and killed police officers. Police have tracked down some of the EPP leaders, but others have yet to be found. Aside from the kidnappings, authorities fear the EPP’s involvement with drug and arms trafficking. “This is a group linked to organized crime,” said José Ledesma, governor of San Pedro, one of the areas stricken by the EPP, in an interview with Paraguayan radio station Ñandutí AM in May 2010. Following Kidnappers’ Footsteps paraguayan people’s army linked to drug trafficking and farc Soldiers stand on the scorched remains of a military outpost in Tacuatí, Paraguay. Officials think the arson was the work of the Paraguayan People’s Army. last_img read more

Jimmy Carter warns racial injustices ‘undermine’ US democracy

first_imgTopics : Carter, 95, is the last of the four living ex-presidents to comment on Floyd’s killing, the outbursts of unrest — and violent police crackdowns on protesters.Carter said his and his wife’s hearts are with Floyd and other victims of violence, but also with “all who feel hopeless in the face of pervasive racial discrimination and outright cruelty.””We all must shine a spotlight on the immorality of racial discrimination. But violence, whether spontaneous or consciously incited, is not a solution,” he added.”We need a government as good as its people, and we are better than this.” Carter’s four-year presidency ended in 1981. In the decades since he has been a champion of human rights, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his efforts.center_img US ex-president Jimmy Carter said Wednesday he was pained by last week’s police killing of an unarmed black man and urged authorities to end discriminatory policing and other systemic injustices that “undermine” American democracy.George Floyd died on May 25 after a police officer pressed his knee to the handcuffed man’s neck for several minutes, pinning him down on a Minneapolis street. The killing has triggered days of often violent protests across the country.”People of power, privilege, and moral conscience must stand up and say ‘no more’ to a racially discriminatory police and justice system, immoral economic disparities between whites and blacks, and government actions that undermine our unified democracy,” Carter said in a statement released by the Carter Center.last_img read more